Tutor for macOS Mojave

Getting Around your Mac

FREE PREVIEW

In this lesson for macOS Mojave, I introduce you to various ways you get around the Mac. This includes an introduction to the Finder, Finder Window, Desktop and Desktop Folder, Menu Bar, and Dock. These are more of an introduction on these features just to get you acquainted, throughout the tutorial I have more in-depth coverage of these features and more.

Introduction to the Finder
The Finder is how you get around your Mac. The finder controls all the windows you use to view and work with your files and folders. It is an app that is always running on your mac, and you can always find it on the far left of the Dock.

Introduction to a Finder Window
A Finder Window is how you view and work with your files and folders on your Mac. Think of it as a window into your hard drive. If you do not have any windows open, you can click on the Finder on the Dock, this will open a new Finder Window showing you all your recent files by default.

Introduction to the Desktop
The Desktop is what you see when you do not have windows open. This is where your desktop picture is shown, or wallpaper if you are coming from Windows. On the right side of the display, you will find all your files and folders that are stored on your Desktop. You will also see any external hard drives that are connected to your Mac.

Introduction to the Desktop Folder
You can also access all your files and folders that are located on your Desktop through your Desktop Folder. The Desktop is just another folder on the Mac. If you make a change to a file on the Desktop, that same change will be applied to the file shown in the Desktop Folder, as it is the same file.

Introduction to the Menu Bar
The Menu bar on a Mac is always located at the top of your display. It will show the active app on the left side, with all the menu items for that app. If you click on the Desktop, it shows the Finder app as the Desktop is part of the Finder.

Introduction to the Dock
The Dock is located at the bottom of your display by default. The Dock is divided into three sections in macOS Mojave. On the left are your favorite apps, to the right of those are your recent apps and open apps that are not a favorite, and to the right of your recent apps are your favorite files and folders as well as your trash.

See this Lesson Action
To see this lesson in action, take a look at the video above.

Tutor for macOS Mojave

Working with Applications in the Dock

In this lesson for macOS Mojave on the Mac, I look at how to work with applications in the Dock, including viewing open applications in the Dock, favoriting or adding an application to the Dock, setting an application to open when you log in to your Mac, and show an application in the Finder from the Dock.

Applications and the Dock
The Dock is divided into three areas – applications, recent applications (new in macOS Mojave), and documents and folders. You’ll see vertical lines separating these three areas. Applications are located on the left. We are going to focus on applications and the Dock in this lesson.

View which Applications are Open
Since the Dock stores your favorite application as well as open applications, how can you tell which applications are open? When you open an application, a black dot will appear below the icon in the Dock. If you see an application without this dot, but in the dock, this means it is a favorite, but now open. As soon as you open it, the dot will be there.

Favoriting an Application
To add an application to the Dock, so you have easy access to it, open your Applications folder and drag the application you want to favorite onto the Dock. You need to drag it to the right side of the vertical line. When you favorite an app, it does not remove it from the Applications folder, and you can still open it through the Applications folder.

Opening an Application at Login
You can set an application to open when you log in to your computer through the dock. Just click-and-hold on the application you want to open at login. You need to do this with the application icon in the Dock. When you do this, you will see a popup menu with various options. Under Options, you will see Open at Login. Select this to open the application at login, deselect to have it no longer open at login.

Showing the Application in the Finder
You can also sow the Application in the Finder through the popup menu when you click-and-hold on the application icon in the Dock. When you select this, a Finder window will open to the folder the application is in. Usually, this is the Applications folder.

See this Lesson Action
To see this lesson in action, take a look at the video above.

Tutor for macOS Mojave

A closer look at the Apple Menu

In this lesson for macOS Mojave on the Mac, I look at the Apple Menu and the different options we have in the Apple Menu.

Location of the Apple Menu
The Apple Menu is always located in the upper left corner of your display and is always available. It does not matter which app you are in, you will always have access to the Apple Menu.

Apple Menu Features
The Apple menu gives you access to various features of the Mac, and as I stated above, these are always available to you.

  • About this Mac: This will open a window showing you various information about your Mac including which macOS you are using, the serial number, storage options, and support options.
  • System Preferences: This opens the System Preferences, which is where you can set the default behavior of your Mac.
  • Mac App Store: This will open the Mac App Store app.
  • Recent Items: This will show you your recent apps that you’ve opened and recent documents you’ve opened. You can select any one of them to open them again.
  • Force Quit: Select this to open a window showing all your open apps. From there you can select any one of the apps and force quit them. When you force quit them, the app does not save any changes.
  • Sleep: Select this to put your Mac to sleep.
  • Restart: This will restart your computer.
  • Shutdown: This will shut down your Mac.
  • Lock Screen: This will lock your screen. When you select this, to unlock the screen again, you’ll need to enter your Mac password.
  • Logout: This will log the mac out of the current user. When you select this, you will be brought to a screen where all your users are lists, and you can choose the user account you want to open.

See this Lesson Action
To see this lesson in action, take a look at the video above.

Tutor for macOS Mojave

Using the Secondary Menu

In this lesson for macOS Mojave on the Mac, I look at the Secondary Menu. With the Secondary menu, you have access to common tools such as copy, paste, as well as specific features for an app.

Accessing the Secondary Menu
There are a few ways to access the Secondary Menu on the Mac.

  • Control-Click: If you hold down the Control key and click, you’ll see the menu pop up under your cursor. Just select the menu option you want to use when it pops up.
  • Two-finger tap with a Trackpad: If you have a trackpad, you can tap the trackpad with two fingers, when you do this, the menu will pop up under your cursor.
  • Mouse: If you want to access the Secondary Menu with a mouse, you need to open your System Preferences and select the Mouse Preference Pane. From there, you can choose which button you want to use for the Secondary Click.

See this Lesson Action
To see this lesson in action, take a look at the video above.

Tutor for macOS Mojave

A closer look at Menu Bar Extras

In this lesson for macOS Mojave on the Mac, I look at Menu Extras. Menu Extras are on the right side of your Menu Bar and give you access to extra features for the macOS and specific apps. It gives you access to features without having to have the app in the front, unlike Application Menus.

Menu Extra Location
Menu Extra’s are located on the right side of your menu bar and are always shown no matter which application you are currently working in. If you are in Pages and want to start recording a video with Screenflow, you can select the Screenflow Menu Extra and start recording, without having to have Screenflow be the frontmost app.

Menu Extra Features
The features that a Menu Extra depends on the Menu Extra you select. The Clock Menu Extra will show you the date as well when selected, the Sound Menu Extra will show you the volume and allow you to change the volume when selected.

Accessing Addition Options in a Menu Extra
Depending on the Menu Extra, you will have more features when you hold down the Option key and selecting the Menu Extra. The Sound Menu Extra gives you access to the sound output or speaker, but when you option-click on it, it also gives you access to the microphones you have connected to your Mac. Not all Menu Extra have additional options.

Moving a Menu Extra
To move a Menu Extra, just command-click (use the command key and click on the Menu Extra). When you do this, you can drag it around to move it. You can only move it to another location on the right side of your Menu Bar.

Removing a Menu Extra
To remove a Menu Extra, just Command-click on the Menu Extra you want to remove, then drag it off the Menu Bar. When you do this, it will be removed from your Menu Bar.

Adding Menu Extras
Menu Extras for macOS can be found in the preference panes of the System Preferences. The Sound Menu Extra is found int he Sound Preference Pane, the Display Menu Extra is located in the Displays Preference Pane. Not all Preference Panes have Menu Extras.

An applications Menu Extra is usually found in the app’s preferences, which is located under the Application name in the Menu Bar. If the app supports a Menu Extra, you can turn it on and off in the application preferences.

See this Lesson Action
To see this lesson in action, take a look at the video above.

Tutor for macOS Mojave

A closer look at Application Menus

In this lesson for macOS Mojave on the Mac, I look at Application Menus. Application menus not only tell you which app you are currently in but they also give you access to specific features for the active app.

Seeing which App is the active App
If you ever want to see which is the active app, the app that is frontmost, just look at the left side of the Menu Bar. The application name will show you which app is front most. Also, you will see menu items specific to that app.

Accessing App Specific Menu
Just go to the right of the Application name to see specific menus for that app. A few of these menus are consistent across multiple apps, including File and Edit, but under each menu name, they will have specific features for the app.

See this Lesson Action
To see this lesson in action, take a look at the video above.

Tutor for macOS Mojave

Using Keyboard Shortcuts

In this lesson for macOS Mojave on the Mac, I look at how to get around the Mac using keyboard shortcuts. With keyboard shortcuts, you can access various features including folders just by a keyboard shortcut instead of using the mouse or trackpad. You don’t have to use keyboard shortcuts, but in some cases, they do make getting around the Mac easier.

What a Keyboard Shortcut Is
When you press a combination of keys, your Mac will perform a specific function. These keys you press are the keyboard shortcut. These keys include the Command key, Option key, and Control key. These are all located on your keyboard. Newer Macs will also include the symbol on the key. To see if there is a keyboard shortcut for a specific function, such as opening a new Finder window, you look at the Menu Bar, under the menu you select you will see the different options you have. To the right of the option or task will be the keyboard shortcut.

Using a Keyboard Shortcut
To use a keyboard shortcut, you just tap the keys you want, and the task will be performed. As an example, command-N will open a new Finder Window. A lot of keyboard shortcuts work across different apps, as an example, when you are in an app, command-Q will quit the app.

See this Lesson Action
To see this lesson in action, take a look at the video above.

Tutor for macOS Mojave

A look at the Folder Hierarchy of the Mac

In this lesson for macOS Mojave on the Mac, I look at the folder hierarchy of macOS Mojave. The better you understand how your Mac is organized, the easier it will be to keep it organized with your files and folders.

Folder Structure
macOS is installed the Macintosh HD by default. This is the hard drive that is on your computer. Think of this hard drive as a filing cabinet. When you open Macintosh HD, you’ll see 4 folders, think of these for folders as drawers in your filing cabinet. These four folders are:

  • Applications: This is where all your applications are stored. If you install a new application, it will be installed in this folder. Nothing else should be stored in this folder.
  • Library and System: These next two folders are used by macOS and should not be touched.
  • Users: This last folder contains all the user files and folders including your documents and downloads. Your computer can have multiple users, so when you open the Users folder, you will see all your users. In most cases, it will just be a single user. When you open the users’ folder, you will see the documents, downloads, music, movies, and other folders. This is where all the users’ files and folders are stored.

See this Lesson Action
To see this lesson in action, take a look at the video above.

Tutor for macOS Mojave

Accessing Folders and Navigating Folders

In this lesson for macOS Mojave on the Mac, I look at how you can access various folders including your Documents folder or Download folder, as well as how to navigate folders on the Mac.

Accessing Folders from the Menu Bar
You can easily access a number of folders the Mac uses including the Applications folder, Documents folder, Downloads folder, and more. To see and select which one of the folders you want to ope, go the ‘Go’ menu in the Menu Bar. You do have to be in the FInder to see this menu. Once you click on ‘Go,’ you’ll see all the folders you have access too from this menu. Just select the folder you want to open top open it in the Finder.

Accessing Folders from the Sidebar in a WIndow
When you have a Finder window open, on the left of the window is a sidebar. In this sidebar will be a number of folders. Just select the folder you want to open, and your window will open to that folder.

Opening Folders
When you are looking at your folders in a Finder window, you just double click on it to open it. When looking at your folders in list view, you can also click on the triangle to the left of the folder name to open the folder. In column view, when you select a folder, the contents of that folder will be shown in the next column.

See this Lesson Action
To see this lesson in action, take a look at the video above.

Tutor for macOS Mojave

Working with Finder Windows

In this lesson for macOS Mojave, I look at how you work with Finder Windows on the Mac. Finder windows are how you explore your Mac, as well as organize all your files and folders. It’s a crucial part of working with your Mac.

Opening a Finder Window
If you do not have any Finder windows open, when you click on the Finder in the Dock, a new Finder window will open. If there are already windows open, it will bring one of them forward. If you want to create a new Finder window, you go up to File in the Menu Bar and select New Finder Window.

Anatomy of a Window
A Finder window comprises of a sidebar on the left. This sidebar gives you quick access to various folders, iCloud Drive, different network locations, and tags. We look at these various items in detail throughout the tutorial including how you can customize the sidebar. But for now, just think of it as an easy way to get to various folders.

A Finder window also has a Toolbar. This is located across the top of the window and gives you quick access to various tools including different ways to view your files and folders, access to tasks, and more. This is also where you click-and-drag to move a window.

Resizing a Window
Finder windows are easily resizable. To resize a window, just drag any one of the edges or corners of the window you want to resize. When you get to the edge, you will see the cursor change into an arrow. Once it changes, you click-and-drag to resize the window.

Opening Multiple Windows
You can open multiple Finder windows. Just go to File in the Menu Bar and select ‘New Finder Window.’ When you do this, a new window will open. You can click on any folder in the sidebar to open that specific window to that folder or location. The frontmost window will have a slightly darker toolbar and the dots to close, minimize, and open in full-screen will have color. These dots are located in the upper left corner of the window.

Closing, Minimizing and opening a Window in Full-Screen
To close, minimize, or open a window in full-screen, you click on one of the three dots in the upper left corner of a window.

  • Red Dot – the red dot closes the window.
  • Yellow Dot – the yellow dot minimizes the window. When you minimize it, it moves the window to the Dock. Once it’s in the dock, you can click on it to ‘open’ it again.
  • Green Dot – The green dot opens the window in full screen. Once it is in full screen, it is no longer a ‘window.’ Also, you will see the Menu Bar and Dock hide. To show them again, just bring your cursor to the top or bottom of your display. To bring it back to a standard window, move your cursor to the top right of your display and click on the green dot again.

Selecting a Window
If you have multiple windows open, you can select any one of them by clicking on the window. When you do this, it brings it to the front. You can also go to Windows in the Menu Bar and select the window you want to bring forward.

See this Lesson Action
To see this lesson in action, take a look at the video above.

Tutor for macOS Mojave

Removing or Uninstalling Applications

In this lesson for macOS Mojave on the Mac, I look at the different ways you uninstall or remove applications. When you uninstall an application, the overall goal is to remove them from the Applications folder.

Using Launchpad to remove Apps
If you’ve downloaded an app from the App Store, you can use Launchpad to delete or remove the application. You can only remove apps downloaded from the App Store using this method. Open Launchpad and then click-and-hold on any of the application icons. They will start jiggling. Apps that have been downloaded from the App Store will have an ‘x’ in the corner above the icon. Click on the ‘x’ to remove the app. It will be removed from Launchpad and from the Applications folder.

Deleting by throwing the Application in the Trash
This method works for both apps that have been downloaded from the App Store and app you’ve installed using other methods. Just open your Applications folder, find the app you want to delete, and move it to the trash. If the app was downloaded from the App Store, the Mac will ask for your user account password. Enter the password to complete the uninstall.

Using an Uninstaller
In rare cases, an app will have an uninstaller. This is similar to having an installer, but instead of installing the app, when you open the uninstaller, you will be guided on how to remove the app. To see if an app uses an uninstaller, you can usually go to the app’s website.

See this Lesson Action
To see this lesson in action, take a look at the video above.

Tutor for macOS Mojave

Opening Applications with Spotlight

In this lesson for macOS Mojave on the Mac, I look at how you can open applications using Spotlight. This is one of my favorite or most common ways I open applications. So what is Spotlight Search? Spotlight Search is how we search the Mac for documents, folders, and even applications. What’s nice about Spotlight is once you find what you are looking for you can press the Return key and whatever you have selected will open, including applications.

Bringing Up Spotlight Search
To bring up Spotlight Search, you click on the magnifying glass menu extra in the left side of the Menu Bar. When you click on this, you will get a field that overlays your window. You can also bring up Spotlight Search by using a keyboard shortcut – Command key and the space bar. This is how I bring up Spotlight Search, I hardly ever click on the menu extra.

Searching for Applications
Once you bring up Spotlight Search, all you need to do is start typing the name of the application. You will see a number of results, and in most cases, the application will be a top hit and already selected. Just hit the return key to open it. If it is not selected, you can use the arrows keys to select it, then hit the return key to open the application.

See this Lesson Action
To see this lesson in action, take a look at the video above.

Tutor for macOS Mojave

Hiding Applications

In this lesson for macOS Mojave on the Mac, I look at how to hide your open applications as well as how to hide all your other open applications and keep your frontmost application visible.

Hiding Your Application
When you are working in an application, as an example, you are working on a Pages document, and you want to work in another application, you can hide your current application, in my example, you’d hide Pages. When you hide an application, it does not quit it or close the windows, it just hides all the open windows. To hide your application you are working in, just go to the application name in the Menu Bar, when you click on the application name, you will see Hide. Select this, and your application will be hidden.

Hiding other Applications
You can also hide all your other open applications to focus on your frontmost application. When you do this, the Mac will hide all the windows of your other application. It does not close them or quit out of the app, it just hides them so you can work in your frontmost application without any distractions.

See this Lesson Action
To see this lesson in action, take a look at the video above.

Tutor for macOS Mojave

Launchpad and Applications

In this lesson for macOS Mojave on the Mac, I look at the application Launchpad. With Launchpad, you see all your installed application in a similar style to what you see on your iPhone or Pad. You swipe back and forth to see more apps, you tap-and-hold to delete or move them, and you drag one icon on top of another to create a folder, much like you do on your iOS devices.

Locating Launchpad
Launchpad is a separate application located in your Application’s folder. Double-click on it to open it. Launchpad is also located in your Dock by default, Click on it to open it.

Finding Apps
To find an application in Launchpad, just type in the search field located at the top of Launchpad above all the icons.

Opening Apps
To open an app, just click on it. The application will open, and Launchpad will close.

Rearranging Apps
To rearrange your application in your Launchpad, click-and-hold on any one of them. They will all jiggle. Now you can drag them around including to a different screen by dragging an app icon around. Click on any app icon to get out of this mode.

Placing Apps in Folders
You can also place your apps in the Launchpad in folders. Again, click-and-hold on any icon. Once they are jiggling, just drag one icon on top of another to create a folder. Drag icons out of the folder to remove the app from the folder. This does not create a folder in your Applications folder, it only creates folders in the Launchpad app.

Deleting Apps
To delete an app from the Launchpad, you again click-and-hold to get in the jiggly mode. You will see an ‘x’ above the application’s icon. Click on the ‘x’ to delete the app. Not all applications will have this ‘x’. Only the applicants that you’ve downloaded from the Mac App Store will show this ‘x’, and they are the only ones you can delete using this method.

See this Lesson Action
To see this lesson in action, take a look at the video above.

Tutor for macOS Mojave

Installing Applications

In this lesson for macOS Mojave on the Mac, I look at the different ways you install applications. When you install applications, the overall goal is to install them in the Applications folder. When you download an app from the App Store, it installs it in the Applications folder, if you use an installer, it will install the app in the Applications folder. There are four basic ways to install an app in the Applications folder.

Installing through the App Store
This is the easiest way to install an app. When you purchase an app in the App Store, it will automatically install it in your Applications folder.

Downloading an App
You can also download an application, let’s say from the developer’s website, it will download it through Safari and place it in the Downloads folder by default. Once the app is downloaded, you’ll want to move it to the Applications folder to finish the installation.

Installing from an Installer
In some cases when you download an app, again let’s say from a developer’s website, it will come as a package. The icon will look like a box in most cases. This is an installer. What you need to do to finish the installation is open the package. From there the installer will guide you through installing the app. When finished, the app will be in your Applications folder. You can delete the installer or package in your downloads folder once the app is installed.

Installing from a DMG file
With this type of installation, you download a DMG file to your downloads folder. This type of file is a virtual disk. Once it is downloaded, you open the file. When you open it, you will see a virtual drive on your desktop. Open that virtual disk to see your application. From there, you need to drag the application to the Applications folder. When finished installing, you can delete the DMG file and eject the virtual disk on your desktop.

See this Lesson Action
To see this lesson in action, take a look at the video above.